The black stone, also known as (Al-Ḥajaru al-Aswad) is situated in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. It is regarded as a holy and sacred place. Muslims believed that black stone directly came from heavens when Prophet Adam (A.S) was sent to earth. Allah guided Prophet Adam (A.S) through this black stone that where they are supposed to build Altar. How old is the black stone in Mecca is the major question! Let’s find out the facts about the black stone age.
It is also said that the Kaaba had faced destructions during the flood of Prophet Noah (A.S.) and the black stone was lost too. But with the help of Prophet Gabriel (A.S), Prophet Ibrahim and Prophet Ismail found the black stone, built the Kaaba, and embedded the stone on it. After that in 683, Blackstone was damaged and smashed into pieces but later it was renovated by a silver ligament.
Later, in 930 the leader of the Qarmatians sect stole the black stone and held it into a different mosque. Its sole purpose was to disturb the pilgrimage activity of Muslims. But he miserably failed as Muslims continued to perform the pilgrimage by giving the respect to the black stone’s location. After twenty-three years in 952, the Qarmatians returned the stone in exchange for a huge sum.
What is the infrastructure Of Black stone?
The black stone in Mecca is oval and has a diameter of about 18 cm. Inside of the black stone, there are smaller stones that are cemented together smoothly. The particles inside it are of whitish and yellow substance. The outer color of the stone is reddish black. Moreover, there is a border of brown color that supports the detached pieces. Both the border and stone are surrounded by a silver band.
What is the nature of Black stone?
When it comes to the nature of the black stone, it is a highly controversial debate. Some scholars say that it is much like the natural glass, some described it as basalt stone, agate stone and some think that it is familiar to the most popular stone named meteorite. Paul Partech in his first analysis about Blackstone favored the meteoritic nature. By judging the outer core of stone Robert Dietz and John McHone said that its characteristics are similar to that of agate.
One of the most significant theory was provided in 951 CE when it was discovered that black stone can float in water. If this is true, then this black stone is much like the natural glass. In a word, different scholars provided a different hypothesis regarding its nature, but as the black stone is never experimented through modern techniques, so its exact nature is a matter of high speculations.
Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H) and the black stone:
The black stone is currently situated into a mosque known as Al-Haram and is attached to the eastern corner of the Kaaba. This location is known as al-Rukn al-Aswad al-Rukn al-Aswad (the corner of black stone). In 605 CE, it was set up by Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H).
Before Muhammad (P.B.U.H)’s prophethood, a fire destroyed the structure of Kaaba so to renovate it, the black stone was temporarily removed to facilitate the workers. And when it was time to place black stone back to its place, a conflict risen between the clans of Mecca. Every clan wanted to have the honor of placing a black stone at kits place. Following this, a person brought a bowl full of blood, and all tribes inserted their hand in it, which symbolized war and decided that who so ever wins the war will have the honor of placing it.
One of the old men suggested that instead of having war we should opt for a different strategy. We should wait for the next person who will enter from the Bani Shaibah gates and he will have a right to decide. All waited and after while a 35-year-old person, Allah’s Messenger Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H) entered into the Kaaba. Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H) asked the people to bring a cloth and he placed the black stone in that cloth. Then each of the clan leaders held a corner of the cloth and brought the stone to its right position.
In this way, Allah’s last Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H) brought the stone to its rightful place satisfying the honor of each clan leader. It is also said that after the conquest of Mecca, Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H) ridden seven times touching the black stone as a sign of respect and admiration.
What is an act of Istilam?
Muslims are obligatory to perform a pilgrimage (Hajj) once in a lifetime if they are healthy and can afford it. While performing pilgrimage there is an act of Istilam in which a Muslim places his palms on black stone and a face between those palms. Then he recites, and after that kisses the stone or can also point towards it. Muslims can opt for the one as per their convenience. During Hajj, it is compulsory to kiss the black stone. From this act, we can evaluate the honor and the respect along with the importance of black stone.
Why is the stone black?
It said that when this stone was brought from paradise it was whiter than milk, but by absorbing the sins of so many people it has turned black. Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H) said: The Black stone descended from paradise, and it was whiter than milk, then it was blacked by this sins of the children of Adam.” [Tirmidhi]. Its black color also symbolizes the spiritual virtue of detachment and poverty for God (faqr) and that it is very important to remove the ego to progress towards the path of Allah (qalb).
What is the meaning and symbol of Blackstone?
It is said that Blackstone is an invisible symbol of Allah. On the Day of Judgment, he will recognize the people who kissed it. When Prophet Umar kissed the stone, he said” No doubt, I know you are stone and can’t harm or benefit someone had I not seen Allah’s Messenger [Muhammad] kissing you, I would not have kissed you”. So, the Muslims kiss the black stone as a symbol of giving respect, admiration to it. Moreover, it is a way to follow the Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H) as he too kissed that stone.